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50 Most Common German Words

1000 Most Common German Words

Here’s how to enhance your confidence by starting with some basic words and phrases to build your German word bank:

Guten Tag = Good day

Hallo = Hello

Auf Wiedersehen = Goodbye

Bitte = Please

Danke = Thanks, Thank you

Entschuldigung = Sorry

Gesundheit = Bless you (after someone sneezes)

Ja = Yes

Nein = No

Wer? = Who?

Was? = What?

Warum? = Why?

Woher? = Where?

Montag = Monday

Dienstag = Tuesday

Mittwoch = Wednesday

Donnerstag = Thursday

Freitag = Friday

Samstag = Saturday

Sonntag = Sunday

Rank  German word   English translation Part of speech
1. das the (definitive article; nominative/accusative singular neuter of "der"); this, that (demonstrative pronoun); who, that, which (relative pronoun) definitive article; demonstrative pronoun; relative pronoun
2. ist (he/she/it) is (3rd-person singular present of "sein") verb
3. du you (informal; addressing one person) personal pronoun
4. ich I (not capitalized unless it is in the beginning of a sentence); ego (capitalized - Ich) personal pronoun; noun
5. nicht not adverb
6. die the (definitive article; nominative/accusative, singular feminine or plural form of der); that, which, who (relative pronoun); this one, that one, these ones, those ones (demonstrative pronoun) definitive article; demonstrative pronoun; relative pronoun
7. es it (neuter gender) personal pronoun
8. und and conjunction
9. Sie you (polite or formal; addressing one person or a group of people) personal pronoun
10. der the (definite article; nominitive singular masculine, genitive/dative singular feminine, genitive plural); who, that, which (relative pronoun, singular) definitive article; relative pronoun
11. was what (interrogative); which (relative) interrogative pronoun, relative pronoun
12. wir we (nominative plural) personal pronoun
13. zu to, in, at, on, into, for (preposition); too; to, towards; closed, shut (adverb) preposition; adverb
14. ein a, an (indefinite article; masculine and neuter nominative; neuter accusative); one (number) indefinite article, cardinal number
15. er he, it (masculine) personal pronoun
16. in in, within, at, pertaining to (in + dative); into (in + accusative) preposition
17. sie she, it (feminine); they, you (plural) personal pronoun
18. mir me, to me (dative singular of "ich") personal pronoun
19. mit with preposition
20. ja yes; really, definitely; of course (adverb); a yes (capitalized as a noun - Ja) adverb, noun
21. wie how (adverb); like, as (conjunction); how (capitalized as a noun - Wie) adverb, conjunction, noun
22. den the (definitive article; accusative masculine singular; dative plural of "der"); this, that one (demonstrative pronoun, accusative masculine singular of "der"); who, that, which (relative pronoun) definitive article; demonstrative pronoun; relative pronoun
23. auf on, onto, at preposition
24. mich me (accusative singular of "ich"); myself (reflexive pronoun) personal pronoun, reflextive pronoun
25. dass / daß that ("daß" is an obsolete spelling of "dass" used prior to the German spelling reform of 1996) conjunction
26. so so, that; as; if adverb, conjunction
27. hier here adverb
28. eine a, an (feminine nominative and accusative) indefinite article
29. wenn if, when; if, the ifs (capitalized as a noun - Wenn) conjunction, noun
30. hat to have (third-person singular present of "haben"; e.g. "er/sie/es hat") verb
31. all all, all the, every, everything, everybody, everyone indefinite pronoun, adjective
32. sind (we/they/you all) are (1st- and 3-rd person plural present of "sein") verb
33. von from, of (+ Dative) preposition
34. dich you (accusative of du); yourself (accusative) personal pronoun, reflexive pronoun
35. war (I/he/she/it) was (1st- and 3-rd person singular preterite of "sein") languagedaily.com verb
36. haben to have; possess; own; to have (auxiliary verb forms the perfect and past perfect tense) verb, auxiliary verb
37. für for (+ Accusative) preposition
38. an to, on, at, by, about, against preposition
39. habe to have (1st-person singular present/subjunctive; 3rd-person singular subjunctive I; imperative singular of "haben"; e.g. "ich habe") verb
40. da there, here, then, so (adverb); since, as, given that (conjunction) adverb, conjunction
41. nein no; a no (capitalized as a noun - nein) adverb, noun
42. bin (I) am (1st-person singular present of "sein") verb
43. noch still, yet (adverb); nor (conjuction) adverb, conjunction
44. dir you, to you (dative of "du"); yourself, to yourself (dative) personal pronoun, reflexive pronoun
45. uns us (accusative and dative of "wir"); ourselves (accusative and dative) personal pronoun, reflexive pronoun
46. sich oneself, itself, himself, herself, themselves (3-rd person singular and plural; accusative and dative) reflexive pronoun
47. nur only, merely, just; languagedaily dot com adverb
48. einen a, an (masculine accusative) indefinite afticle
49. kann (I) can, am able to (he/she/it) can (1st- and 3-rd person singular present of "können") verb
50. dem the (definite article; dative singular masculine/neuter of "der"); to whom, to which (relative pronoun; dative singular masculine/neuter of "der") definitive article; relative pronoun

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